File Servers A machine on the internet running software that allows the user to transfer information or files to and/or from it. There are three common types are Web servers, FTP servers, and Gopher servers.
FTP Server FTP stands for File Transfer Service. Most commonly used to transfer binary files, such as zipfiles, executables and graphics.
Gopher Server Like FTP servers, used to transfer files. The big difference is the ability to separate files by categories - like Picture Viewers instead of the directory structure you see with FTP servers.
HTTP Short for HyperText Transport Protocol. The language, or protocol that WebBrowsers (and WingFlyer) use to download files from a Web Server.
http Used at the beginning of a url, or webpage address, to designate that the file can be downloaded from a webserver. Almost any webpage or file that has this type of address can be downloaded by WIngFlyer. Examples :http://www.charm.net/~hdollies/wf.shtml
HTTP Comments As in the Strip HTTP Comments option in WingFlyer and WebFetch. Normally, before sending the file that is requested by a WebBrowser (or WingFlyer), the webserver sends information about the file - type, size, etc. To see this information, turn off the Strip HTTP Comments option and download a file. The HTTP Comments can be found at the beginning of the file.
URL Stands for Universal Resource Locator. It is the specification on how to address an object (webpage, file, query) over the net. It tells the program not only what and where to download, but how (what protocol to use) to download it. There are three main parts to the URL - the Prefix, Server Name, and URL Pathname: http :// www.charm.net /~hdollies/wf.shtml Prefix | Server Name | URL PathName ftp :// ftp.charm.net /pics/landscape.gifPrefix - how and what type of server. Server Name - where to get the object. URL Pathname - where to find the object on the server. See also http, ftp, gopher.
url The actual address used to locate and download a file or files over the net. See also http, ftp, gopher.Examples : http://www.homesite.com/girlsngirls.html ftp://ftp.berkeley.com/pub/dosgames/doomv12.zip gopher://gopher.apple.com/pub/system/upgrades
Web Server This is where webpages are stored and is the only place you can get webpages from.
© 1996-1999 James D. Borror All rights reserved.